The Bakersfield Sound was developed in reaction to the glossier Nashville Sound. It originated in the 1960s in the working class town of Bakersfield, California ("The Bakersfield Sound," n.d.). The sound was grittier and less "produced" than the Nashville Sound which had become more mainstream in the country music world. The themes were often more focused on the struggles of the working man, as opposed to the Nashville Sound's focus on more universal themes such as love. Notable Bakersfield Sound artists include Merle Haggard and Buck Owens.
Image source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0b/Bakersfield_CA_-_sign.jpg
Notable Examples of Bakersfield Sound
"The Bakersfield Sound." Country Music Hall of Fame. Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, n.d. Web. 09 May 2015. <http://countrymusichalloffame.org/exhibits/exhibitdetail/the-bakersfield-sound-buck-owens-merle-haggard-and-california-country#.VU2hBflViko>.